Museum of History and Civilizations

In Rabat, the Museum of History and Civilizations houses artifacts that trace the country’s history from prehistoric times to the Islamic era.

The roots of the institution date back to the early 20th century when General Lyautey launched a series of archaeological excavations in 1915… The foundation of the museum itself was laid during the French Protectorate in the 1920s, with the purpose of housing the Service of Antiquities of the Protectorate. Over the years, the museum’s collections grew, and in 1930, it underwent a significant transformation when the decision was made to transfer artifacts from Volubilis to Rabat, consolidating them into what would become a premier archaeological museum.

The architectural evolution of the museum continued, culminating in its definitive form in 1952 with the completion of the iconic Bronze Room. Fast forward to 2014, the National Museum of Archaeology of Rabat, along with several other Moroccan museums, came under the auspices of the National Foundation of Museums. This transition marked a new chapter for the museum, leading to extensive renovations and the reorganization of its permanent exhibition.

Reopened in April 2017 under the new moniker “Museum of History and Civilizations,” this cultural gem now offers visitors a deeper look into Morocco. From the Paleolithic to the Islamic era, the museum’s archaeological collection showcases the diverse civilizations that have called this country home.

Get into the ancient mysteries of Morocco through artifacts ranging from tools and ceramics to intricate architectural elements. Study Roman sculptures, including renowned pieces like those of Juba II and General Cato, unearthed from sites including Volubilis. You can also get into the medieval era with a look into Islamic dynasties, including the Idrisid, Almoravid, Almohad, Merinid, and Alaouite periods.

The museum doesn’t just confine its exhibitions indoors. In an open-air patio, visitors can explore ensembles of rock carvings, inscriptions, and ancient steles that offer a tangible connection to the past.

The museum is open every day except Tuesdays, from 10 am to 6 pm and tickets are sold for just 20 dirhams per person.